Clearing up some scope questions
by B.B. Pelletier
We had a LOT of questions about UTG Tactedge 4x40 scope and we got an important question about the Rex 10-40x scope that is directly related to the UTG questions, so today I thought I'd spend more time on my explanations.
Lack of AO
One person asked why I didn't mention that the 4x40 scope lacked an AO feature, and someone else asked whether or not it has AO. I actually DID address this point when I mentioned that the parallax is fixed at 35 yards. That means it isn't adjustable - no AO! I felt that was good enough, but the questions say otherwise. So, why didn't I mention the lack of an AO specifically?
I didn't mention the lack of an adjustable objective (for parallax correction) for the same reason that I don't expect a Porsche Boxster sportscar to come with a class IV trailer hitch. It's not appropriate. To use the adjustable objective, you must be able to see very small details, so you can tell when they come into sharp focus. Things as small as sugar ants. A 4x telescope can do that to about 5-7 yards. Beyond that, it's a guess. AO on a 4x scope would not be be useful at any great distance, and that is what AO is most used for by airgunners - determining distance!
In the post, I went on to say that everything seen through this scope from 7 yards to infinity appears to be in sharp focus. There's another clue that AO would not work. You need to be able to determine any change of focus through the scope, which is how AO works.
This situation doesn't just pertain to this scope, but to ALL scopes of low power! As magnification increases, the distance at which the AO can be used for rangefinding increases proportionately. A 6-18x can determine range out to about 25 yards but not beyond. A 6-24x can go out to maybe 35 yards. An 8-32x can go out to 50 yards if the optics are bright enough to see anything, which is where a lot of scopes fail. They will magnify as much as advertised, but you will only be able to see small details when the bright sun is coming from behind your position. That's where bright, clear optics pay off.
MCA just asked me to relate the 4x40 to the Bug Buster 4x scope. Okay, the Bug Buster, which has AO, will focus as close as 3 yards. That's nine feet. Even though the magnification won't allow you to rangefind out to great distances, the Bug Buster works in the region where 4x can actually be used to determine range. The parallax at three yards is many times greater than it is at 20 yards, so this feature is a good one. With the 4x40 UTG, you have no AO, so you have to guess the range and learn the trajectory of your pellet at very close ranges, which is exactly where pellets vary wildly with every yard they advance.
When I said AO is not appropriate for 4x scopes, I was referring to conventional AO that starts at 10 yards. With the Bug Buster, we have a special situation in which the AO minimum focus range has been brought close enough to give us a great feature that no other scope on the market has. At 25 yards, the Bug Buster isn't useful for rangefinding, either, but it can focus close enough that we can take those impossibly close shots.
Also, the Bug Buster is a mini scope, while the 4x40 Tactedge is of normal length. That will make a difference when you mount the scope. Compacts are more difficult to position correctly for your eye - especially when a scope stop is involved.
Relating to the Rex 10-40x50 scope
Why is the big Rex scope with high magnification not good for field target? Simple - it doesn't adjust down to 10 yards. Don't get confused because I said the scope is clear and sharp at 10 yards at 10x - that's not the same thing. If you crank the power higher, things will start becoming blurry, meaning that it really isn't in exact focus - it just looks like it is at 10x. There isn't enough adjustment in the parallax wheel to focus as close as 10 yards, so at higher power you will be stymied. You can still see your targets clearly and will be able to shoot at that distance - just not rangefind.
Joe in MD mentioned that people adjust their objective lenses to compensate for this, and he's right. But I don't want any of you doing that. I already answer enough comments about how to put this or that airgun back together - I certainly don't want to start on scopes! Until Rex changes the AO on this scope so that it focuses down to 10 yards out of the box I cannot recommend this scope for field target. But for long-range shooting of any kind, this one is a dream!
I think rangefinding with a scope is overrated
Just because the UTG 4x40 scope doesn't have AO is not a problem. I almost NEVER trust a scope to determine the range to a target. Because I'm out in all kinds of weather and the AO on scopes only works properly in a narrow temperature range, I find rangefinding to be overrated, cumbersome and a bother.
I once sat next to another field target shooter who missed two easy shots because he trusted his scope for the range. I could see that the target was less than 20 yards away, but his scope said 25 yards. That's right at the spot where pellet trajectories play tricks - all shots closer than 20 yards. I even told him the target was about 18 yards in my estimation, but he wouldn't hear it. He had a $475 Leupold scope with another $300 worth of modifications on it and, by golly, he was going to put his trust in the equipment! So, he missed two shots on a dead-easy one-inch kill zone.
There you have it. I hope I was clear enough this time, but you'll tell me by your questions.