How to convert from CO2 to air
Converting CO2 guns to high-pressure air is becoming more and more popular, and .22 multi-shot has written a guest blog about converting his RWS 850 AirMagnum, which is a common conversion.
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How to convert from CO2 to air
by .22 multi-shot
Why would anyone want to convert from CO2 to air? Well, I found out after purchasing a .22 caliber RWS 850 AirMagnum. It was everything I thought I would want - nice looking, good quality, reasonably priced and PCP features (many shots from one CO2 AirSource cartridge, 8-shot repeater). What else could you want? I ended up not fully satisfied. I wanted more power, and the power decreased more than I expected in cool weather.
I did like my RWS 850 and noted from B.B.'s blog that air has some advantages over CO2. So, I decided to try a CO2 to air conversion. There are couple of simple ways to convert a CO2 gun to air. The easiest is to use a paintball remote setup to connect an HPA tank to your airgun (see glossary below for definition of paintball terms). This is the setup I started with. I bought a paintball remote, HPA tank and AirSource-to-ASA adapter.
The AirSource-to-ASA adapter is the key to converting any airgun that uses an AirSource tank. It's often called an AirSource-to-paintball adapter and screws into the gun in place of an 88-gram AirSource cartridge. The other side of the adapter is a standard paintball ASA. A paintball remote can attach directly to the ASA side of this adapter.
Glossary of paintball terms used
- ASA : Air Source adapter. This is a connector with a standardized CO2 bottle thread that an HPA or CO2 tank screws into. An ASA has nothing to do with the 88-gram CO2 AirSource.
- HPA : High-pressure air. High-pressure air or nitrogen that's used for a marker instead of CO2. The tank typically holds pressures of 3000 or 4500 PSI. An HPA tank needs a regulator to reduce the pressure of the air that feeds into a marker. Most tanks are sold with a regulator.
- Macroline : A type of plastic line used for paintball air connections.
- Marker : Term used for a paintball "gun."
- Rail : A rail that an ASA can be attached to.
- Remote : A hose with fittings that lets the air tank be remote from the gun. The hose may be a coiled or stainless steel.
The conversion using the paintball remote was tested using JSB Exact Jumbo pellets. Pellet speed ranged from 591 fps up to 602 fps. The average was 594 fps (12.38 foot-pounds). That makes this conversion equivalent to using CO2 on an 80-90F degree day. The HPA tank I used had a regulator with an output pressure of about 800 PSI. One advantage of this setup is that it'll give you the same power even when it's colder.
I'm sure some of you will want to go further, like I did. I didn't like the remote setup because it was clumsy, so I worked on putting together a setup that's part of the gun. The pictures below show two other setups I built. The last setup in these pictures will be my permanent setup along with other modifications. Some other things you can do:
- Use a regulator that has a higher output pressure.
- Use a heavier hammer spring. This will knock the valve open further.
- Use a lighter valve spring. This won't push the valve closed as fast.
- Enlarge/polish some of the valve openings. This will allow the air to flow better.
Below are some pictures of different setups and the parts used.
Think before acting!
If you want the features of a PCP (pre-charged pneumatic) airgun but are trying to save money by buying a CO2 airgun, just buy the PCP! You'll save money in the long run and will probably be more satisfied. If money's an issue, check out the Benjamin Discovery. It's very reasonably priced, especially bundled with the hand pump.
Here's an idea of the cost of some tools you probably would end up buying if you get very deep into modifying your airgun. You may not need all these tools immediately, but they'll add up bit-by-bit!
- $100+ taps and dies
- $100+ drill bits
- $100+ belt/disc sander
- $200+ floor drill press (used vs new)
- $70+ portable metal band saw
- $??? books
- $400+ metal lathe and tooling (this can replace most of the taps and dies if you buy a lathe that can cut threads; it also can replace some of the drill bits)
When I started work on this project, sources for AirSource-to-ASA adapters and small HPA tanks were difficult to find. Fortunately, there are now several sources. You can look at Pyramyd Air's Airgun Info site for more links. The 850 CO2 Air Rifle link on that site is a good place to start. The Hammerli/RWS 850 Resource link on that page will take you to a forum where people discuss modding their RWS 850s. You may have a different gun, but much of that information will be a good starting point. Below are some other modding resources.
Dennis Quackenbush (basic airgun materials)
Small HPA tanks
JDS Air Man
Palmer's Pursuit Shop
AirSource-to-ASA adapters & other parts
Bryan and Associates
Mac1 Airgun Distributors
Mountain Air Custom Airguns