Friday, April 04, 2008

The Hakim air rifle - part 1

by B.B. Pelletier

There's a new article and video about a big bore match and another article about the Gamo Varmint Hunter Plus, Paul Capello has another great video. It's about the RWS 34 Panther.

While reading the classified ads in the Baltimore Sun one day in the 1980s, I stumbled across a listing for a strange military-looking pellet rifle with Arabic writing on the action. The ad said it was large, heavy and very accurate. Terms that wake me up when they describe an airgun. The guy wanted $150, so I called and arranged to see it. It turned out to be an air rifle I had never seen before...and one I just had to have. That was my introduction to the Hakim .22 caliber underlever rifle.

After World War II, armies around the world were scrambling to modernize, while cutting their budgets at the same time. Countries that had used obsolete technology during the war were seeking to replace their outdated equipment with the most modern designs that had been proven in the war.

The M1 Garand was the golden boy of that war, and every country was seeking their own version of it. Egypt had adopted an 8mm semiautomatic variation of a Swedish rifle, the Ljungman, that they called the Hakim. In fact, it has been called the "poor man's Garand" (though today they sell for almost as much as the U.S. rifle). Training ammo was expensive, so the Egyptians did something remarkable. They turned to Anschutz in Germany and had them turn one of their sporting air rifles into a trainer for the Egyptian army. The Hakim pellet rifle was thus born in 1954. A total of about 2,800 rifles were produced, all in .22 caliber, despite W.H.B. Smith's reference in Small Arms of the World saying they were .177s. If a .177 version exists, I haven't run across it yet. The Egyptians also contracted with Beretta for a 10-shot semiauto .22 rimfire rifle trainer for the same purpose.


The Egyptian Hakim battle rifle has been called the "poor man's Garand." Based on a Swedish design, it wasn't well-suited to desert conditions, but it's marvelously accurate and fun to shoot.



The Egyptian Hakim pellet rifle is a large, rugged military trainer that attempted to mimic the service rifle. This is one of the very few examples I've seen in very good condition. It has painted markings that I think are unit markings.


Physical description
The Hakim is a large air rifle, weighing over 10 lbs. and stretching 45" overall. It's an underlever spring-piston rifle that loads through a tap. The tap opens automatically when the rifle is cocked and is closed by the shooter after a pellet is dropped in nose-first. Above the tap, a grinning flaming skull adds Middle Eastern ambiance. The rifle has a hooded front blade and a fully adjustable rear sight with reference mark on the horizontal adjustment. A sling can be attached, but it has to remain slack to give clearance for the underlever.


Looking straight down on the loading tap, we see the grinning, flaming skull. Nice!



The underlever is hidden in the bottom of the forearm. This is at full extension (cocked). Just in front of the rear sight you can see the loading tap lever has flipped up, and the tap is now open.


There's a strange trapezoidal metal projection on top of the stock that has twin wire loops - one on each side. The top is cut out for sighting purposes. This protrusion has been the subject of much debate over the years, but the smart money says it's just a way of mimicking the cocking knob on the Hakim firearm. Some owners have removed this protrusion which hasn't yet hurt the value of their guns, but one day it will.


No one knows for sure what that strange protrusion is, but most people think it's there to resemble the cocking knob of an 8mm Hakim.


Value
I've owned about 15 Hakims to date. I've worked on perhaps 20 more and seen another 50 at airgun shows. When airgun shows began in the U.S. in 1991, an average Hakim was bringing $75. I bought several for $50 in those days. Today, the same rifles bring $200-250, and the price creeps up just a bit every year. They are quite undervalued at present - probably because 98 percent of all that survive are now here in the U.S.

Navy Arms imported them for years in the 1980s and '90s, and I got four of the last rifles they sold, at $65 each. Those guns ranged from about good to poor, but all had to be disassembled and cleaned before they worked right. Sometimes a gun couldn't be fixed and became a parts gun to restore others. The number of guns is lower now than when Anschutz made them, and the average condition is about NRA good, which is nowhere near the good most of us mean when describing anything. A really nice one might get up as high as NRA very good, but I've only seen one or two that nice.


Best pellet
Unlike firearms, an air rifle in good condition usually has an excellent bore, because airgun barrels don't wear out. As ugly as a rifle may look on the outside, it can still be a tackdriver at close range. The best pellet I every found for a Hakim is the RWS Superpoint, and don't even THINK of shooting any Crosman pellets in them! They're too small and too hard to seal the bore effectively, and the gun will react harshly to their use.

47 Comments:

At April 04, 2008 6:13 AM, Anonymous Vince said...

On a different topic - I took delivery of a Ruger AirHawk yesterday (didn't get it from pyramyd, since pyramyd doesn't ship to NJ). It's a mixed bag...

It is an attempt to mimic the RWS 34, and although some parts do interchange (seals, probably the spring, maybe the trigger) it's not dimensionally identical. BAM seems to do that when they "copy" a rifle (as opposed to ShangHai, who really makes their rifles more identical to the originals).

Long story short - the trigger is a passable copy of the T05, the wood and metal finish are not up to Diana standards (although quite good enough for the price), and it uses an articulated cocking link similar to that found on the RWS350. I like that sort of link, it reduces side-loading on the piston when cocking.

Unfortunately the velocity was very low... and it turns out that the guts of the gun were pretty rough. It took a LOT of deburring inside the compression tube before I could reassemble it without probable seal damage (I installed a new seal).

Jury's still out on velocity and accuracy, but I'm (obviously) hoping that it works out. If it does, this might be a way of getting a Diana-esque rifle for less than a Crosman Quest...

 
At April 04, 2008 6:14 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

What a cool airgun!

glad you added the pix.
Turtle

 
At April 04, 2008 7:52 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Vince,

Thanks for your report. I look forward to testing the AirHawk, though I won't be tuning it like you are. So whatever comes out of the box will have to represent Ruger the best it can.

B.B.

 
At April 04, 2008 7:53 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Hi, Turtle.

Are you going to the airgun show in Findlay?

B.B.

 
At April 04, 2008 10:10 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I'm going to that show! It's only an hour away.

Derrick

 
At April 04, 2008 11:20 AM, Anonymous twotalon said...

Derrick.......
Where are you at? I am also about an hour away....Tiffin area.
Twotalon

 
At April 04, 2008 11:37 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

B.B.

How interesting. I had always wondered about the Hakim name which I've heard often. Curious that the Egyptian M1 did not work in the desert. I understand that the Garand worked as well there as everywhere else.

It might be interesting to blog air rifles that were developed as trainers for armies. The Chinese and East Europeans have them don't they? I suppose the U.S. army does not. ("Fire it off, boys, it's on the taxpayer," said my Dad's DI in 1960.) Some of these military trainers have developed into good sporters haven't they?

Matt61

 
At April 04, 2008 11:40 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

B.B.This is tough to talk about but we"re about the same age so I"m sure you'll understand as you've talked about this before.I have a Benj-392 and for short range pest control I always preferred open sights.Now if I stay on target more than a few seconds everything starts to blur and I loose the sight picture. Had the eyes checked and their OK.I don't like peeps and I don't think it would make much difference.I know how you feel about scopes on Benj's and I've tried them,but I havent tried the low power mount on the front of the barrel 'scout style.What do you think.Gettin old is a B;',.Sorry this is long brother.

 
At April 04, 2008 11:43 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Matt61,

The American military has used airguns extensively. A special version of the Crosman 160 was made up for the Air Force. I had one that came in a box with a Federal Stock Number on the end flap.

In World War II the Army Air Corps used numerous BB machine guns and guns that shot larger projectiles for both aerial and ground-to-air machine gun training.

Then there was Vietnam, where the U.S. Army used thousands of Daisy BB guns to teach instinct shooting.

B.B.

 
At April 04, 2008 11:49 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Brother,

If you have to get a scope, that's all there is to it.

I recommend the Air Venturi mount to goes over the breech, because it is more rigid than other mounts.

I also recommend the Leapers UTG 4X40 scope:

http://www.pyramydair.com/s/a/accessory/1693

B.B.

 
At April 04, 2008 12:39 PM, Blogger palerider55 said...

thanks, B.B., i had never seen one of these before until today!

 
At April 04, 2008 2:36 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

twotalon,

I'm an Akronite.

Derrick

 
At April 04, 2008 6:24 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

BB,

I think those are not "flames" beside the skull. I have seen those as arabic calligraphy during my service in the Persian Gulf. Very artistic form of writing in arabic.

Thanks for the blog.

David

 
At April 04, 2008 8:25 PM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

David,

Thanks. I didn't know that, nor did anyone I know.

B.B.

 
At April 05, 2008 6:57 AM, Blogger pestbgone said...

B.B.,
Thanks for the report and video on the bigbore shoot!! It looked like a lot of fun with some darn good shooting to boot! Certainly nice of Eric Henderson to organize and host such an event.

Was the, "Look Ma, no sights!," the 20mm behemoth? Do you have a weight on that thing? And the bullet, maybe 900gr?

Your pics showed them shooting prone, sitting, offhand, and a mono-pod. No benchrests for these guys?

Were the bullets (not diablo pellets, right?) they were shooting all cast lead from standard pistol or blackpowder molds?

Sorry for all the questions, but this really has my interest.
Thanks,
Pestbgone

 
At April 05, 2008 7:32 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Pestbgone,

The 20mm behemoth (Look Ma, no sights!) was shooting a bullet (about .787 cal.) of near 700 grains weight. I don't know the weight of the rifle, but it isn't too heavy because it's mostly air.

This was a silhouette shoot, so there is no benchrest. Silhouette is a hunting simulation, so conditions are as natural as possible.

As far as I know, everyone shot cast bullets. There were now diabolo-style pellets being used. Many of these guys cast their own bullets, which is what I do.

If this is of real interest, I can blog my Quackenbush 457 LA, which many competitors used in that shoot.

B.B.

 
At April 05, 2008 8:06 AM, Blogger pestbgone said...

B.B.,
Thanks for the answers, and I would definitely like to see a blog on the your Q 457 when you have the time.
Interesting on the bullets for long range. I noticed that Lyman makes molds for what they call shotgun sabot slugs which look exactly like diablo pellets, including the hollow skirt. I guess they would be limited to 100 yds or less.
20 ga., 350 gr. 2654120
12 ga., 525 gr 2654112

This whole idea of getting firearm power out of an airgun is requiring me to make a paradigm shift. Very intriguing.
And a new safety awareness, too. No, I didn't have an accident, LOL, but this is serious power.
Pestbgone

 
At April 05, 2008 11:57 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

BB
I just watched the big bore video again (thanks for that). I was surprised at how quickly I heard the pellet hit after the shot. If they were out at 100--200 yds. then the velocities must be way up there. Any idea what they are? One other note. As a novice airgunner I love watching Paul's video each month, mostly just to observe someone else handling and fireing an airgun (my friends don't share my interest). HOWEVER, even Paul admits he has learned from you,and I'll bet everyone on this site would be exicited to watch THE MAIN MAN in action. Any thoughts? JR.

 
At April 05, 2008 1:20 PM, Anonymous /Dave said...

Hi BB,

I'd also be very interested in a blog on your Quackenbush 457 LA. That Castleman 9mm really looks interesting too if you can get it away from its owner. Or maybe have him do it if you can't. And the Quackenbush .50 cal pistol Looks intriguing too (OK, ok... I'll quit there...) Might be nice to have a big bore blog series if you are up to it!

I'd also be very (read- 'Extremely') interested in (As JR suggests) seeing you shoot on one of these videos too! Maybe sort of a "how to" approach on the artillery hold. As if you were teaching one of us in person. A picture is worth a thousand words, so a movie with a thousand frames must be worth a million.

Thanks again, BB, for al the interesting stuff you bring to us!
/Dave

 
At April 05, 2008 3:48 PM, Anonymous Bruce said...

Hi B.B. A thanks for the big bore info. I too would like to see some more. Looks like some simularity with black powder shooting. Heavy slow moving projectiles. Should be some good info already out there, i.e., bullet shapes, weights, rate of twist, etc. For Brother, my 392 has a Beeman 2x20 scope and Crosman 459MT-2Pc Base mounts. Can shoot 8 round wedding ring sized groups with 8 pumps and Crosman Premiers. The 392 is easier for me to pump w/o the scope on the receiver.

 
At April 05, 2008 3:58 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi BB

Very interesting when I was watching Paul Capello's video on a new Panther out of the box and the figures of FPS was exactly same as mine shooting somewhere in the
650+-fps and I can not help but to just smile ear to ear that my Panther now shoots in the 750+-
because of the simple I called it the VINCE magic,of course you know what I'm talking about. By the way it does 800s with rws hobbys.

Hank

 
At April 05, 2008 4:46 PM, Anonymous tom said...

Hank what did you do..Tom

 
At April 05, 2008 5:33 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

The "flames" around the skull may or may not be Arabic calligraphy. The stylized Arabic writing can become pretty exotic at times, so it's possible. On the other hand it might just be flames. Still, it's pretty special!

Changing topics... In going through my small collection of arms, I found an old favorite, but I don't know a lot about it. It's a "Powerline 722" probably by Daisy, but it doesn't say that in the stamping. It was purchased new in the mid-80's, and has not been modified. It lacks quite a bit in power, as you can easily track a pellet from muzzle to target.

Can you provide any other info on this little gun? It's fun to shoot, and the low energy keeps it safe for a small back yard (it will hardly penetrate boths walls of a soda can!).

DaveK

 
At April 05, 2008 6:27 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hey B.B.

We all know you have quite a collection of air guns, but I don't think I've ever heard how many guns you actually have. How many air rifles (and pistols I guess) do you have?

Just curious, Kyle.

 
At April 05, 2008 9:20 PM, Anonymous /Dave said...

Hi BB,

What do you think of the Weihrauch HW57 underlever. Accuracy? Power? Trigger?

Thanks,
/Dave

 
At April 05, 2008 11:05 PM, Anonymous db said...

B.B.,
Yes bring on the big bore blogs. This is of interest to me.
DB

 
At April 06, 2008 7:14 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

JR,

I normally prefer to show the guns, rather than myself, on the videos I do. But /Dave has suggested I video the artillery hold, and that might work. I'll give it some thought.

B.B.

 
At April 06, 2008 7:20 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

/Dave,

JR has asked for the same thing. I'll consider your suggestion to video the artillery hold.

And the blog on the Quackenbush .457 Outlaw long action will be started real soon.

B.B.

 
At April 06, 2008 7:31 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Hank,

By the Vince magic you mean shimming the breech seal, don't you? Vince is doing a guest blog about that for us.

I'm glad you like the Paul Capello videos. Aren't they great?. Paul is a blog reader, too.

B.B.

 
At April 06, 2008 7:36 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

DaveK,

Your Daisy 722 pistol is a .22-caliber version of the much more famous 717. Here is a report on that gun:

http://www.pyramydair.com/blog/2007/09/daisy-717-part-2.html

There is a pump head adjustment procedure in that blog report that will increase the power of your pistol, though they were never very hot.

The 722 was made from 1981 to 1996, but they never sold well because of the caliber. Target pistols are supposed to be .177, only.

B.B.

 
At April 06, 2008 7:40 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Kyle,

I don't even know how many airgun I have. My guess is something over 100, but that's just a guess.

I also have 50-100 airguns from Pyramyd Air that I'm testing at any given time.

B.B.

 
At April 06, 2008 7:50 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

/Dave,

I never tested the HW 57, so no comment on how it shoots, though as a Weihrauch I would imagine quite well. The loading gate it uses limits the length of pellets that can be loaded.

The trigger is a Rekord, which is the most famous airgun trigger ever made. There should be no complaints.

B.B.

B.B.

 
At April 06, 2008 8:30 AM, Anonymous scott298 said...

B.B.-Scott298--the muzzle break you were refering to is it the beeman new steel crome magnum?-Thanks Scott298

 
At April 06, 2008 9:06 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Scott298,

It's a Crow Magnum.

http://www.pyramydair.com/s/a/accessory/1129

B.B.

 
At April 06, 2008 3:29 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi Tom,

2 or 3 weeks ago I came across what Vince said what he did to his Panther that improved it's performance. Go look for Vince comments as he can describe more clearly why and how to or wait for as BB said that Vince is going to do a guest blog on the subject.
To me, My Panther is now an ideal
.22 hunting springer, accuracy + the ideal power. By the way,I also have a hunting pistol, it's my 46M
and at 10 meters +-, it can not miss the eye or ear of the squirrer

Hank

 
At April 06, 2008 9:46 PM, Blogger Henry said...

Hey bb,

what would i need to do in order to get the "Yukon NVRS Tactical 2.5x50 Night Vision Rifle Scope" on a talon ss?

 
At April 07, 2008 5:56 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Henry,

That mount has a Weaver base, according to the manual. Install the B-Square 17021 11mm to Weaver adapter on the Talon SS, and the scope will fit to that.

http://www.pyramydair.com/s/a/accessory/601

B.B.

 
At April 07, 2008 7:15 PM, Blogger Henry said...

thanks bb!

 
At April 07, 2008 7:17 PM, Blogger Henry said...

Do you have any experience with this scope? Its my understanding that 30 lp/mm is the minimum.

 
At April 08, 2008 8:26 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Henry,

I have no experience with commercial night vision. My experience is with military night vision that hasn't hit the market yet.

B.B.

 
At April 08, 2008 10:56 AM, Blogger Henry said...

bb,

In not in the military but me too! I have some military binoculars that were Neva on the market!

 
At April 15, 2008 5:14 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I liked this article very much and found it very informative.

and by the way, those flames around the skull are not really flames ! these are words in Arabic "Al haras Al watani" or National Gard.
unfortunatly, the photos showing the other markings are not close enough to read

abusara1@gmail.com

 
At April 15, 2008 5:58 AM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

abusara1,

Thank you for that very useful information. In the next installment I will show details of the other areas of writing.

B.B.

 
At June 05, 2008 4:24 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I just purchased a Hakim Pellet Rifle. It is missing Both the Front and Back Sling Swivels. Anyone know where I can get replacements? Thanks!

 
At June 05, 2008 4:39 PM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Sling swivel,

Try this guy:

ohn Groenewold, PO Box 830, Mundelein, IL 60060-0830, (847) 566-2365
http://www.jgairguns.biz

B.B.

 
At January 28, 2010 6:16 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

B.B.
I have an Hakim air rifle and i want to take it appart.
Is the spring compressed when it isn't cocked?
I see you have worked on these.
Any info.will be greatly appreccated.
Mike Guzzetti

 
At January 28, 2010 6:34 PM, Blogger B.B. Pelletier said...

Mike,

The mainspring is under about a half-inch to three-quarters of an inch of compression when you unscrew the end cap. I never use a compressor when working on them.

B.B.

 

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