Home Blog  
Competition Haenel 312 10-meter target air rifle: Part 7

Haenel 312 10-meter target air rifle: Part 7

Haenel 312
Haenel 312.

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6

History of airguns

This report covers:

  • The test
  • RWS R10 Match Heavy
  • Adjusted the sight
  • H&N Finale Match Light
  • H&N Finale Match Heavy
  • Qiang Yuan Training pellets
  • JSB S100
  • Vogel target pellet
  • Firing behavior
  • Trigger
  • Summary

Today we see the accuracy of the freshly tuned Haenel 312. I don’t expect a change, but we shall see.

The test

I shot the rifle off a sandbag rest at 10 meters with the rifle resting directly on the bag. I shot 5-shot groups so I could test more pellets.

I had removed both sights during the disassembly and assembly. The rear came off to get access to the sidelever block pin and the front to put the barreled action into the spring compressor. So did I need to sight in? I felt that it would be fun to just start shooting without a sight-in and see where my shots went. Remember — I also did that in the first test. And, no, to whoever asked if I typically shoot warm-up shots in accuracy tests. I sometimes do, but it’s not a habit.

I shot many of the same pellets from the first accuracy test in Part Three.

RWS R10 Match Heavy

Well, wouldn’t you know it — the very first pellet was also the most accurate. Five R10 Match Heavy pellets went into a group that measures 0.109-inches between centers. That is a gold dollar group!

312 R10 Heavy group
The Haenel 312 put five RWS R10 Match Heavy pellets into a 0.109-inch group at 10 meters. It’s the best group of the test.

In Part Three five of these pellets went into 0.241-inches. So, yes, this is better, but as you’ll see, it’s also not typical. It may just have been luck.

Adjusted the sight

Notice that the pellets didn’t hit the target too far from the center of the bull. After seeing where they hit I dialed the rear sight down five clicks and left 2 clicks. Because the remaining pellets were different weights and head sizes I probably won’t try to center any of them.

H&N Finale Match Light

The second pellet I tested was the H&N Finale Match Light pellet. In the first accuracy test (Part Three) five made a 0.259-inch group. In this test five went into 0.28-inches. That is more consistent with how well I believe this rifle can shoot.

312 Finale Light group
The Haenel 312 put five H&N Finale Match Light pellets into a 0.28-inch group at 10 meters.

Shop Outdoor Gear

H&N Finale Match Heavy

Next I tried an H&N Finale Match Heavy pellet. These weren’t tried in the last accuracy test, so there is nothing to compare them with. Five went into 0.277-inches at 10 meters, so not much different than the Lights.

312 Finale Match Heavy group
The 312 put five H&N Finale Match Heavy pellets into this 0.277-inch group at 10 meters.

After seeing this group I adjusted the rear sight one click to the left. And it seemed to make a difference.

Qiang Yuan Training pellets

The next pellet I tried was the Qiang Yuan Training pellet. They made the largest group in the last accuracy test, at 0.295-inches for 5 shots. Today they also made the largest group at 0.499-inches, but one of those shots was a called pull. I called it as going up but the stray shot in the group actually landed lower. The other 4 shots are in 0.227-inches between centers.

312 Chinese Training group
Five Qiang Yuan Training pellets went into 0.499-inches at 10 meters with 4 in 0.227-inches.

JSB S100

The next pellet I tested was the JSB S100 Match pellet. This was another new pellet for the rifle. The 312 put five of them into 0.28-inches at 10 meters. That’s not bad for this rifle.

312 JSB S100 group
Five of the JSB S100 target pellets went into 0.28-inches at 10 meters.

Vogel target pellet

The last pellet I tried was the Vogel wadcutter. It was also the first time I tried it. The 312 put five of them into 0.304-inches at 10 meters.

312 Vogel group
Five Vogel target pellets went into a 0.304-inch group at 10 meters.

Firing behavior

The rifle still shoots with a minimum of vibration. There is a little, but it’s nothing compared to what it was before. And as mentioned in Part 6 the rifle cocks with 8 pounds less effort. I could get rid of the rest of the vibration with more Tune in a Tube, but I don’t need that.

The rifle sits quietly when fired. There is no recognizable recoil, but that was true before the tune.


The trigger is still single-stage and vague. It is a weak spot of this fine rifle. But the pull is light so I won’t sweat it.


The accuracy hasn’t changed a bit — just as I thought. That one super-tight group at the start was pure luck. At least that is my belief.

I have always wanted to test a Haenel 312, to find out how it stacks up against the other target rifles of the 1970s-90s. Now I know. It’s okay but not great. I can live with that.

17 thoughts on “Haenel 312 10-meter target air rifle: Part 7”

    • Yogi, what a profound sounding saying !

      Though not addressed to me, I did read it and thought ‘What?’, you see:
      I consider myself a very lucky person and much less so smart.

      So, what is so smart about my being lucky, and, if I truly am, then why am I not also lucky to be smart – ooh, my head… maybe I really am not smart at all! 🙂

      And finally: how does the Haenel 312 ratchet affect accuracy, and what has that to do with luck or smartness – I am thoroughly confused !

      • hihihi,

        The 312’s ratchet should not affect the accuracy either way. The ratchet has a small section that protrudes from the side of the spring tube. Returning the sidelever to the closed position presses on the ratchet section and rotates the pawl away from the piston rod. It is completely out of the way when the gun is fired.


      • Because when B.B. rebuilt the rifle. He did not do it perfectly, hence the ratchet no longer works. Subconsciously he knows this and thus can not shoot the gun to the fullest of the guns abilities because he did not restore its fullest capabilities.


  1. BB,

    This is definitely not going to be in the running with your planned 10 meter shoot off. This rifle would be great for plinking if only the trigger could be fixed properly.


  2. BB,

    I guess if you have a collection of “vintage” 10-meter air rifles, this is a must have, just as the Baikal is. Of all the 10-meter air rifles I recall you having, your “Daisy” is my favorite.

    Speaking of Daisy, whatever happened to that new competition one of theirs?

    • The model 599 quickly became a favorite in sporter class type competitions. Good price point, accuracy and features and the air tank was big enough to get a competitor through a full course of fire plus sighters. I see it is currently on back order on the Daisy sight.

      I had the chance to try this gun and a Crosman Challenger 2009 at Camp Perry’s indoor range a couple years ago. The manufacturing quality of the 599 was clearly better than the Crosman. I did slightly better with the Challenger, but that was due to the front sight insert. The Daisy’s was too small ( for me) and the rifle’s owner didn’t want me to change it.. I liked shooting the Daisy better than the Challenger and there was good adjustability to the stock to fit a variety of shooters.

  3. B.B.,

    For what it’s worth, I have four different airguns with this same trigger unit and no two feel the same. The worst has some creep and may need adjusting and/or cleaning. The best example is really good. Maybe they need several thousand shots to run in or just someone who really understands how they work. Either way a 312 is a fun gun to shoot.

    Paul in Liberty County

  4. B.B., Yogi, and the rest of the Readership,

    I hold no truck for Lady LUCK!
    I prefer Providence and preparation; thereon we can build Wisdom and Skills that will look as LUCK to the unwashed Masses.


Leave a Comment

Buy With Confidence

  • Free Shipping

    Get FREE shipping on qualifying orders! Any order $150+ with a shipping address in the contiguous US will receive the option for free ground shipping on items sold & shipped by Pyramyd AIR during checkout. Certain restrictions apply.

    Free shipping may not be combined with a coupon unless stated otherwise.

    View Shipping Info

  • Shipping Time Frame

    We work hard to get all orders placed by 12 pm EST out the door within 24 hours on weekdays because we know how excited you are to receive your order. Weekends and holiday shipping times will vary.

    During busy holidays, we step our efforts to ship all orders as fast as possible, but you may experience an additional 1-2 day delay before your order ships. This may also happen if you change your order during processing.

    View Shipping Times

  • Shipping Restrictions

    It's important to know that due to state and local laws, there are certain restrictions for various products. It's up to you to research and comply with the laws in your state, county, and city. If you live in a state or city where air guns are treated as firearms you may be able to take advantage of our FFL special program.

    U.S. federal law requires that all airsoft guns are sold with a 1/4-inch blaze orange muzzle or an orange flash hider to avoid the guns being mistaken for firearms.

    View Shipping Restrictions

  • Expert Service and Repair

    We have a team of expert technicians and a complete repair shop that are able to service a large variety of brands/models of airguns. Additionally, we are a factory-authorized repair/warranty station for popular brands such as Air Arms, Air Venturi, Crosman, Diana, Seneca, and Weihrauch airguns.

    Our experts also offer exclusive 10-for-$10 Test and 20-for-$20 Service, which evaluates your air gun prior to leaving our warehouse. You'll be able to add these services as you place your order.

    View Service Info

  • Warranty Info

    Shop and purchase with confidence knowing that all of our air guns (except airsoft) are protected by a minimum 1-year manufacturer's warranty from the date of purchase unless otherwise noted on the product page.

    A warranty is provided by each manufacturer to ensure that your product is free of defect in both materials and workmanship.

    View Warranty Details

  • Exchanges / Refunds

    Didn't get what you wanted or have a problem? We understand that sometimes things aren't right and our team is serious about resolving these issues quickly. We can often help you fix small to medium issues over the phone or email.

    If you need to return an item please read our return policy.

    Learn About Returns

Get FREE shipping on qualifying orders! Any order $150+ with a shipping address in the contiguous US will receive the option for free ground shipping on items sold & shipped by Pyramyd AIR during checkout. Certain restrictions apply.

Free shipping may not be combined with a coupon unless stated otherwise.

View Shipping Info

Text JOIN to 91256 and get $10 OFF Your Next $50+ Order!

* By providing your number above, you agree to receive recurring autodialed marketing text msgs (e.g. cart reminders) to the mobile number used at opt-in from Pyramyd AIR on 91256. Reply with birthday MM/DD/YYYY to verify legal age of 18+ in order to receive texts. Consent is not a condition of purchase. Msg frequency may vary. Msg & data rates may apply. Reply HELP for help and STOP to cancel. See Terms and Conditions & Privacy Policy.