by Tom Gaylord
Writing as B.B. Pelletier

A history of airguns

This report covers:

  • Another failure!
  • The test
  • 499
  • Discussion 1
  • Haenel 310
  • Discussion 2
  • CZ75 P-07 Duty accuracy at 10 meters
  • Summary

I put today’s report in the historical section because it relates to both the Haenel 310 and the Diana model 30 that we tested recently. In the comments to the Diana 30 test the question was raised about which would be more accurate at 10 meters — the Daisy 499 Challenger or the Haenel model 310. I said I thought the 310 would beat the 499 because it is rifled, but several readers wanted to see. So, today we see.

Another failure!

Before I get to the results of today’s test, let me fill you in on another irony. I was going to test the accuracy of the Benjamin 700 today and the gun jammed as I started to shoot. This one has a happy ending, because I got it unjammed and working again, but that was after today’s test. There is more sweet irony in the story that unfolded there, but I will hold off on that until we get to the report.

The test

This is a straightforward accuracy test from 10 meters. I shot both guns from a sandbag rest. Ten shots were fired from each airgun. I will note that the 499 has target sights, front and rear, while the 310 has sporting sights. Also the 310 loads from a magazine. Both things could make a small difference in favor of the 499, but we’ll see.


I shot Daisy Match Grade Precision Ground Shot in this gun, as it is made for that. The 499 put 10 BBs into a group measuring 0.683-inches between centers. It’s a smaller group than I expected, and it did land a little low and to the right.

499 target
At 10 meters the 499 put 10 Match Grade BBs into a group measuring 0.683-inches between centers.

Discussion 1

This group is smaller than I imagined it would be. Apparently the 499 can hang in there, even at 10 meters.

Haenel 310

Next up was the bolt action Haenel 310. This rifle feeds from a 6-round magazine that sits in the stock. A 12-round mag is also available, and I had one but it went away with my first 310.

I don’t like a magazine on a target rifle, but in the case of the 310 there is nothing I can do. All feeding is done inside the action, making it impossible to load a single ball, except via the magazine.

Now, I don’t have a problem with ammo for the 499. There is just one BB and I always use it. Anything else would be a waste. But the 310 is a 4.4mm lead ball shooter and that opens a whole can of worms. I recently discovered while testing the Diana model 30 that 4.4mm European lead balls are all over the place in size. Some are larger, some are smaller and some are vary greatly within the tin. I used the same ball I have always used, because I sure don’t want to get one stuck inside this powerplant. This is an airgun I have never taken apart, and I don’t want to start now.

The Haenel put 10 rounds into a 1.558-inch group at 10 meters. That is so much larger than the 499 group that it cannot be due to just the sights and magazine. The 499 is clearly much more accurate at 10 meters than the Haenel 310. That wasn’t my guess but that is a fact.

310 target
It wasn’t even close! At 10 meters the Haenel 310 rifle put 10 4.4mm lead balls into a group that measures 1.558-inches between centers.

Discussion 2

This test was decisive, in favor of the Daisy 499 at 10 meters. Yes, I see the 6 shots that are in a very tight group within the Haenel 10-shot group. As near as I can measure it, that group measures 0.35-inches between centers. With round balls it’s difficult to measure the group at times, and this is one of those times. If we go that route, the 499 put nine into 0.329-inches.

If you look at Part 3 of the Haenel 310 test I did in 2016, you can see the results of the
499 versus 310 at 5 meters. The relationship was the same there as here, only the difference is not as dramatic.

I still contend there is a distance at which the accuracy of any round ball breaks down and the rifled ball or bullet surpasses it. Maybe the shooters who shot the smoothbore rifles discovered this distance for their guns and stuck to the maximum accurate range.

CZ75 P-07 Duty accuracy at 10 meters

Now let’s shift gears and look at the CZ75 P-07 Duty one last time. Reader GunFun1 asked me to shoot a group at a farther distance with this pistol and the Hornady Black Diamond BBs it liked so much. Since I had the 10-meter range set up I decided to do it today.

I shot off the sandbag rest holding the pistol with both hands. This time I knew how the trigger worked and was able to squeeze it without discomfort.

Ten BBs went into 3.727-inches at 10 meters. At 5 meters the same BB went into a 0.897-inch group, so you can make the comparison. Obviously the CZ75 P-01 Duty is a 5-meter BB gun.

CZ75 P-07 Duty group
At 10 meters the CZ75 P-07 Duty put 10 Black Diamonds in 3.727-inches.


Today was a pickup day for me because an airgun I was going to test failed. That gave me the time and opportunity to check out some things you readers had asked.

Tomorrow I will have what I believe will be a real surprise. No, it isn’t the Sig ASP20. I’m still waiting for that one. This is something I have been asked to test several times over the past several years. I am as excited about testing it as I hope you will be reading about it.